It’s hard to establish a precise number but it’s thought there are around 2000 species thriving in and around the Okavango Delta in an explosion of natural life, with more than half of that number being plants and trees. The remainder – the creatures – enjoy a co-existence that can vary from happy symbiosis to food chain. Every aspect of this cherished environment helps to keep the cycle of life turning.

Nowhere else other than the Okavango Delta that surrounds Xigera can you encounter and observe such an extraordinary variety of wildlife and biodiversity. Read on to discover our complete guide to Botswana's wildlife...

Cape buffalo

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Cape buffalo have a herbivorous diet and can weigh up to 835 kg, with a lifespan of 11-22 years. They have heavy, ridged horns that grow straight out from the head or curve downwards and then up.

African elephant

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African elephants can live up to 70 years in the wild. They are the largest of all land mammals, and can spend up to 16 hours a day eating. They consume between 136-226 kg of food per day.


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Giraffes have only seven vertebrae in their necks, just like humans. They are the tallest animals in the world, reaching a height up to six meters. The tongue of a giraffe is black and can measure up to 50cm.

Fish eagle

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The African fish eagle has a distinctive black, brown and white plumage. It feeds mainly on fish, which it swoops down upon from a perch in a tree, snatching the prey from the water with its talons.

Pel’s fishing owl

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A large species of owl found near rivers and lakes. It feeds nocturnally on fish and frogs snatched from the surface of the water. The species prefers slow moving rivers with large overhanging trees.

Greater kudu

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The greater kudu has stripes and spots on the body, and most have a chevron of white hair between the eyes. Males have long, spiral horns which are spectacular and can grow to as long as 1.8 meters.